Clinical and Experimental Cardiology deals with the studies pertaining to cardiac diseases such as congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease, and their epidemiology and pathophysiology. Special focus is placed on studies involving diagnosis and management of cardiac diseases such as electrophysiology, cardiovascular implants, cardiac regeneration, cardiac medicine, cardiac surgery, and identification of cardiovascular risk factors. Clinical cardiology encompasses pediatric cardiology, interventional cardiology, echocardiography, case studies and treatment interventions and more. A clinical cardiologist is an internal physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions that affect the heart and surrounding blood vessels. Cardiologists require specialized education and training that teaches them how to prevent and treat diseases affecting the heart. These may include heart attacks, stroke, coronary artery disease and related conditions.