Chronic hypertension, congenital heart disease with intracardiac shunting, decline in left ventricular performance, and valvular heart disease may lead to cardiac remodeling. Ventricular remodeling or cardiac remodeling refers to changes in size, shape, structure, and functioning of the heart. Ventricular remodeling may result in diminished contractile (systolic) function and reduced stroke volume. This occurs after exercises or physiological remodeling or after injury to the heart muscle called pathological remodeling. Physiological remodeling is reversible which means in cardiology, an improvement in ventricular mechanics and functions. Ventricular remodeling includes ventricular dilation, cardiomegaly, cardiomyopathy, ventricular hypertrophy and many other types. This session discusses further improvements in cardiac and ventricular remodeling etc.

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